People whose diabetes is not properly controlled have twice the risk of developing infections. Sugar in the urine promotes bacterial growth.
In addition to diabetes, you could be more susceptible to urinary tract infections if:
- You take SGLT2 inhibitors (it increases the amount of sugar in the urine).
- Your blood glucose (sugar) levels are not properly controlled.
- Your nervous system is already affected by diabetes (neuropathy).
- You have a “lazy bladder” that does not empty completely.
- You are a woman.
- Certain anatomical traits, such as having a shorter urethra, increase the risk of bacterial contamination.
- You already have diabetes complications in your kidneys or blood vessels.
- You have had a urinary tract infection within the last year.
- People who have had infections within the last year are more at risk of a recurrence.
When to consult?
To avoid urinary tract infections, consult your doctor if one or more of these symptoms occur:
- More frequent urination
- Burning sensation when urinating
- Urine has an unpleasant odour
- False urge to urinate
- Blood in the urine
- Abdominal pain when urinating
You can adopt certain behaviors to help prevent UTIs such as :
- Keeping your blood glucose (sugar) levels in range.
- Wash your hands often.
- Do not ignore the urge to urinate.
- Be sure to stay well hydrated.
- Quit smoking if you are a smoker.
What about cranberry juice?
Although studies on cranberry juice seem promising, none has clearly shown that cranberry juice can be used to treat or prevent urinary tract infections. If you nevertheless decide to drink cranberry juice, be aware of the amount of sugar in the juice or cocktail, especially if you are diabetic.